Chihuahua Breed Guide

Chihuahuas, often referred to as "Chis," are one of the most recognizable and cherished dog breeds in the world. These pint-sized pups have a big personality and an even bigger place in the hearts of their owners. In this comprehensive breed guide, we'll explore the history, characteristics, care, training, and more about Chihuahuas.

History and Origins

The Chihuahua's history is a fascinating journey that traces back to ancient civilizations. Named after the Mexican state of Chihuahua, where their remains were first discovered, Chihuahuas are believed to have descended from the Techichi dog, a small companion breed kept by the ancient Toltec civilization. They were revered by the Aztecs and later gained popularity in Europe after being brought there by Spanish explorers.

Best Food Chihuahua

Physical Characteristics

Chihuahuas are known for their diminutive size and distinctive appearance. They typically stand between 6 to 9 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh no more than 6 pounds. Their head is apple-shaped with large, round eyes that radiate curiosity and intelligence. The breed comes in a variety of coat colors and patterns, including solid, spotted, and even long-haired variations.

Temperament and Personality

Don't let their size fool you – Chihuahuas have personalities that far exceed their small stature. They're known for their loyalty, affection, and often strong bond with their human companions. Despite their big personalities, Chihuahuas can be quite reserved and may take some time to warm up to strangers. This can make them excellent watchdogs, as they are quick to alert their owners to any potential threats.

Chihuahuas are fiercely loyal and tend to form deep attachments with their primary caretaker. They may become territorial and protective of their person, which can sometimes lead to aggressive behavior towards other people or animals. Early socialization is crucial to help them develop well-rounded and confident attitudes.

Living Conditions

Due to their small size, Chihuahuas are well-suited for apartment living and can adapt to various living environments. However, they are sensitive to extreme temperatures, so it's important to provide them with appropriate shelter and clothing when the weather is harsh.

Exercise and Activity

Chihuahuas have moderate exercise needs, which can be met with short daily walks and playtime. They have bursts of energy followed by napping, making them a suitable choice for people with busier lifestyles. Mental stimulation is also important, as their intelligence needs to be engaged to prevent boredom and potential behavioral issues.


Grooming requirements for Chihuahuas depend on their coat type. Smooth-coated Chihuahuas have short, sleek fur that's easy to maintain. A weekly brushing will help keep their coat healthy and minimize shedding. Long-haired Chihuahuas, on the other hand, require more attention. Daily brushing is recommended to prevent tangles and mats.

Health Considerations

Like all breeds, Chihuahuas have their own set of potential health concerns. Due to their small size, they can be susceptible to dental issues, so regular teeth brushing and dental check-ups are important. They might also be prone to luxating patellas (knee cap dislocation), heart problems, and obesity if not properly managed.

Best Food for Chihuahua

Training and Intelligence

Chihuahuas are intelligent dogs that can excel in training when approached with patience and positive reinforcement. Their loyalty and desire to please their owners make them eager learners. However, they can also be stubborn, so consistent and gentle training methods are essential. Socialization from a young age will help them interact confidently with people and other animals.


Chihuahuas have a relatively long lifespan compared to larger breeds, often living up to 12 to 20 years or more with proper care. Regular veterinary visits, a balanced diet, exercise, and a loving environment contribute to their longevity.

What Food Is Best For Chihuahuas?

Like all pooches, Chihuahuas require a balanced diet, comprised of fats, protein, vitamins and minerals. Whilst they have the same minimum requirements as all breeds, due to their diddy size, Chihuahuas actually have a higher metabolic rate than larger breeds and therefore require more calories per kg of bodyweight than larger breeds. 

This means, when choosing the best food, it's important to choose a food that will meet their energy needs. Typically meaning you'll want to opt for a specific puppy or toy breed formula, which will be higher in calories. 

Scrumbles Chihuahua Dog Food

Scrumbles Puppy and Toy Breed recipe is pawfect for Chihuahuas. Specifically designed with a higher meat and calorie content to fuel their energy needs. As well as a smaller kibble size that's easy-to-eat for smaller mouths. Along with this, all Scrumbles recipes:

  • Have added pre or probiotics for gut health and pretty poops
  • Contain up to 77% meat or fish
  • Never have added sugar, salt, or artificial nonsense
  • Are packed with all-natural ingredients
  • Are clearly named, so you can be sure of what goes in, and what stays out
  • Are served in eco-packaging, such as 100% recyclable dry food bags
  • Avoid common allergens like gluten, soy, dairy, and egg

Try Scrumbles Chihuahua Dog Food today!


Chihuahuas are more than just small dogs – they're bundles of personality and affection that bring joy to countless households around the world. Their unique history, charming appearance, and endearing traits make them stand out as cherished companions. With the right care, training, and attention to their specific needs, Chihuahuas can live happy, healthy lives as beloved members of the family.

Whilst your here, why not read:

  1. Slippery Elm For Dogs
  2. Keeping Dogs Cool
  3. Why does my dog eat grass?

Explore more

Popular posts

wire fox terrier running